“In digitizing the Evening Star, the leading daily newspaper of Washington, D.C. for more than a century, Readex has established a bright and promising new horizon for anyone looking back at the well-known—and the long-forgotten—people, places, and events that have defined the nation’s capital city.
“No other source compares to the Washington Evening Star for exploring the 19th and 20th-century history of the District and surrounding areas. Star reporters rode the early- and late-morning street cars, investigated all manner of vice, crime, and murder, and kept tabs on local and national political figures, socialites, and business people. From every area of the city—from Georgetown to Capitol Hill to Anacostia—the Star offered the people’s news of the day with unrivaled fact, clarity, wit, and tenacity. Decade after decade it led its contemporaries in circulation for a reason. What an amazing online resource this is for D.C. researchers at all levels.”
—John Muller, author of Frederick Douglass in Washington, D.C: The Lion of Anacostia (The History Press, 2012)
“…the Washington Star…was indeed the premier paper in the nation’s capital for many years; not until the 1960s or even early 1970s did the Washington Post‘overtake’ it. It was home to many great reporters and columnists and delivered reporting on national affairs and politics that was at times as influential as that of the New York Times. Even in its last years it was an important and serious paper where future journalism stars such as Howie Kurtz, Fred Barnes, and Maureen Dowd cut their teeth. It occupies an important place in not only the history of American journalism but in the history of America.”
—David Greenberg, Professor of History, Journalism & Media Studies at Rutgers University and author of Nixon’s Shadow: The History of an Image (American Journalism Historians Association Book Award, 2003)
“…until the 1950s the Star was the most thorough paper in Washington. It had the largest reporting staff in the city for many years, and being an afternoon paper it reported the day’s news more promptly, which accounted for its large readership. The paper was too late in its efforts to transform itself into a morning paper, and went out of existence in 1981. But for the years between 1851 and 1981 it is a treasure trove of inside politics and government reporting. We have especially found the Sunday editions rich with lengthy profiles on various government offices and individuals…”
—Donald A. Ritchie, author of Reporting from Washington: The History of the Washington Press Corps
“The digital turn is having a far greater effect on the writing of local history than of any other field of historical endeavor. Digitizing records may not teach us anything new about George Washington and his Farewell Address. The relevant documents are well-known and well-analyzed and have been so for generations. But for a relatively under-researched place like Spokane, with historic records scattered across the land, this is a revolution in our understanding.”
—Larry Cebula, Eastern Washington University, on the Northwest History blog (Oct. 30, 2012)
“But aside from locating hidden information, providing color, and giving us access to complete AP reports, the digitization of newspapers is also altering our interpretation of the past in other consequential ways. Researchers frequently make the anachronistic mistake of presuming that today’s dominant newspaper was the dominant one of the past. Yet this is often not the case. The New York Times had a smaller staff and covered less news than its rivals a century ago. And the Washington Post, famous for bringing down a President in the 1970s, played second fiddle to the Washington Star prior to the 1960s.”
—James McGrath Morris, author of Pulitzer: A Life in Politics, Print, and Power
“One of the saddest days in the long history of journalism occurred on this day in 1981, in Washington, D.C., as The Washington Star newspaper printed its last edition after covering local and national news for 128 years. The Star was looked on as the national capital's paper of record, and its pages were praised for their objectivity and accurate content.”
—U.S. Census Bureau (Aug. 7, 2012)
“It is a great boon for historians and researchers to have such a valuable reservoir of material instantly accessible.”
— Antony Beevor, historian and author of The Second World War(Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2012)
“Immediately after the Nanjing Massacre took place, U.S. media––in particular newspapers––provided timely and extensive reporting to inform the public of the human carnage. As more eye-witness accounts became available, U.S. newspapers continued coverage throughout 1938. Hence, these newspaper stories are invaluable source material of that dark page in history. However, with the passage of 74 years, the Nanjing Massacre––despite in-depth exposure in newspapers across the United States––has gradually faded into history and been nearly forgotten. These contemporaneous newspaper reports need to be revisited in order to help reveal historical truth for posterity. Readex’s America’s Historical Newspapers database, a convenient and efficient research tool, makes it possible for new generations of researchers to travel back in time and acquaint themselves with world events of the last century.”
—Suping Lu, Professor and Library Liaison, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
“Before Springfield newspapers became available online, I knew only that the 1850s house at 22 Salem Street had been built by an ambitious fugitive slave, John N. Howard. Bits of his history could be pieced together by the stories in the library scrapbooks, but the digitized Springfield Republican (Jan. 5, 1863) introduced me to the man...
“The glory days of my beloved Springfield may have faded, but the reformers, artists and lovers of years past left their indelible mark on the places they lived. Every time I view another digitized page of a vintage newspaper, I expect to add to the remarkable roster of yesteryear’s residents in the City of Homes.”
—Barbara Shaffer, Unofficial Historian of Springfield, Massachusetts
“For generations, biographers have used the same methods to conduct research: they waded through the paper trail left by their subject, piecing together a life from epistolary fragments. Based on what they found, they might troll through newspapers from specific dates in the hope of finding coverage of their subject. There were no new-fangled technologies that promised to transform their research, no way of harnessing machines to reveal new layers of historical truth.
“That’s all starting to change. Several campaigns to digitize newspapers — Readex’s America’s Historical Newspapers available by subscription at research universities, or the free Chronicling America collection available at the Library of Congress — have the potential to revolutionize biographical research. Newspapers are often described as the “first draft of history,” and thanks to these new tools, biographers can tap them in ways that an earlier generation of scholars could only have dreamed of....
“With a few keystrokes, the aspiring biographer can resurrect the dead with far greater ease and speed than an army of research assistants. In the process, the fusty, antiquated art of researching and writing biographies may come to seem, of all things, cutting-edge.”
—The New York Times, Sept. 20, 2011 (The Biographer’s New Best Friend by Stephen Mihm)
"The genesis of Ms. lay buried in newspaper archives until earlier this year, when after much painstaking hunting through digitized databases I found The Sunday Republican article that started it all. ...After discovering that The Sunday Republican had recently been scanned and digitized by Readex, a publisher of digital historical materials, I was finally able to zero in on this forgotten document."
—Ben Zimmer, On Language column, New York Times Magazine (Oct. 25, 2009)
Mobile Register (Mobile, Alabama; 1970-1992)
The oldest active newspaper in Alabama, the Mobile Register and its ancestors—most notably the Mobile Press-Register—date back to 1813, soon after the United States took control of Mobile from the Spanish. During this late twentieth century period it was one of Alabama’s largest and most influential dailies.
Montgomery Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama; 1901-1923)
As the largest daily in Alabama’s capital, the Advertiser captured the region’s history as it emerged from Reconstruction and faced the challenges of World War I and the transition to an industrialized economy.
Daily Alaska Dispatch (Juneau, Alaska; 1900-1919)
The Daily Alaska Dispatch covered the Alaska Gold Rush from where it started, and where by 1916 one of the largest gold mines in the world was in operation. The paper also offers detailed coverage of shipwrecks, volcanic eruptions and other dangers that settlers faced in the harsh world of pre-statehood Alaska.
Tucson Daily Citizen (Tucson, Arizona; 1882-1922)
One of the oldest newspapers in Arizona, the Tucson Citizen covered the brutal history of the region during the period when the Apaches were still battling the U.S. Cavalry in the immediate vicinity of Tucson. During the period covered here, the paper chronicled the heated debates that resulted in the attainment of both statehood and women’s suffrage in 1912, eight years before women got the right to vote nationwide.
Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas; 1819-1900)
One of the first newspapers west of the Mississippi, the Arkansas Gazette was founded in 1819, sixteen years before Arkansas achieved statehood. During the Civil War, it was one of the few newspapers in the region that was able to continue publishing, even sporadically. Throughout the 19th century it remained one of the most influential newspapers in the western section of the American South.
California Courier (Glendale, California; 1958-2000)
Launched in 1958, the California Courier was the first English-language Armenian newspaper. It was founded by Reese Cleghorn and George Mason, and continues to chronicle the Armenian perspective in California.
Heraldo de Mexico (Los Angeles, California; 1917-1928)
Heraldo de Mexico was one of the most important Hispanic newspapers in America during the period following the Mexican Revolution. The newspaper also operated a publishing hose and a bookstore in Los Angeles. It was hailed as a “people’s newspaper” for its blue-collar profile and focus on immigrant workers.
San Francisco Bulletin (San Francisco, California; 1855-1891)
One of San Francisco’s most important newspapers, the Bulletin provided daily coverage of the city and region during the California Gold Rush (which made San Francisco the largest American city west of the Mississippi River), the building of the city’s famous cable cars, and the establishment of San Francisco as the cultural center of the American West.
Evening News (San Jose, California; 1884-1922)
The Evening News was one of the few daily newspapers in the far West at this time, and one of the best in California. Coverage here includes the continuing saga of the mining boom that led to the explosive growth of Northern California, the establishment of San Francisco as the most important port city in California, and the politics of early California statehood. San Jose was the first capital of California.
San Jose Mercury News (San Jose, California; 1900-1922)
The Mercury News was one of California’s most important papers during the first decades of the twentieth century. Coverage here includes on-the-scene articles and photographs of the San Francisco earthquake of 1906.
Gazette-Telegraph (Colorado Springs, Colorado; 1896-1922)
Following the nearby Cripple Creek gold strike of 1891, Colorado Springs became a major mining center and the Gazette Telegraph coverage here chronicles the tumultuous aftermath, including the Colorado Labor Wars. As mining faded in the early twentieth century, the paper covers the region as its economy shifted to tourism
Connecticut Journal (New Haven, Connecticut; 1767-1820)
Covered here from the day of its founding, October 23, 1767, the Connecticut Journal offers researchers a continuous and eloquent account of the debates that preceded the American Revolution, the War itself, and the formation of the early Republic.
New Haven Register (New Haven, Connecticut; 1878-1900)
The New Haven Register remains one of Connecticut’s most important daily newspapers. This run covers New Haven and Southern Connecticut during a period that saw a dramatic influx of European immigrants, the growth of regional industries such as the Winchester Repeating Arms Company, and the continued rise of Yale University.
Miami Herald Record (Miami, Florida; 1911-1922)
One of Florida’s oldest newspapers, the Herald Record covers the state’s economic transformation following the arrival of the railroad in Key West in 1912.
Augusta Chronicle (Augusta, Georgia; 1792-1993)
One of the oldest newspapers in the South,the Augusta Chronicle has long been the major local newspaper for Augusta, Georgia. This sweeping run from 1792 to 1993 provides historians and others with a continuous record of the tumultuous evolution of the American South. The Chronicle was also one of the rare Southern newspapers that managed to publish throughout the Civil War.
Columbus Ledger-Enquirer (Columbus, Georgia; 1855-1924) and ancestors
Founded in 1828, the Ledger-Inquirer played a central role in the region’s growth and direction. Coverage here reflects Southern attitudes on a wide range of national and international events, from Reconstruction to the Russian Revolution.
Macon Telegraph (Macon, Georgia; 1860-1922) and ancestors
The Telegraph chronicles the rise of the cotton industry and offers Civil War-era coverage from the city that served as the official military arsenal of the Confederacy.
Marietta Journal (Marietta, Georgia; 1881-1998)
This sweeping run of the Marietta Journal chronicles the dramatic evolution of the Atlanta area from agriculture to heavy industry, accelerated by the manufacturing of the B-29 bomber there during WWII, and the creation of Lockheed Aircraft in the 1950s.
Idaho Statesman (Boise, Idaho; 1864-1922)
From its founding in 1864 to the early 20th century, the Statesman—known for its lively editorial page—provides an important frontier perspective.
Belleville News Democrat (Belleville, Illinois; 1901-1923)
As one of the most important family-owned papers in the state, the News Democrat focused on the culture and economy of the region around Belleville, one of the largest cities in Illinois after Chicago in the early 20th century.
Rockford Register-Star (Rockford, Illinois) and ancestors
The Rockford Register and its ancestors chronicle the history of Northern Illinois from Reconstruction through World War I, a period during which the region underwent a dramatic transition from rural agronomy to precision industry.
The Elkhart Truth (Elkhart, Indiana) and ancestors
This run of the Elkhart Truth and its ancestors covers Northern Indiana during a period that saw rapid growth and industrialization following the Civil War. As the home of Conn Instruments, Elkhart was one of the key centers or the American musical instrument industry during the early decades of the twentieth century.
Lexington Herald (Lexington, Kentucky; 1896-1922) and ancestors
Lexington, Kentucky was known as the “Athens of the West” during much the nineteenth century, having for many decades been the most affluent city west of the Alleghenies. This run of the Herald chronicles the region as it consolidated its position as one of the states’ most important cities and the “Horse Capital of the World.”
New Orleans Times-Picayune (New Orleans, Louisiana) and ancestors
The Times-Picayune was founded in 1837 as The Picayune in New Orleans—the largest city in the South for much of the 19th century. During the 20th century, the paper's reporting has included coverage of Louisiana's agriculture, energy, music and shipping industries.
Baltimore American (Baltimore, Maryland; 1903-1922)
The leading conservative mercantile newspaper in a hustling commercial city, theBaltimore American here chronicles the history of Baltimore from the Great Fire of 1904 through World War I. It also details the 20th-century influx of European immigrants and African Americans that dramatically altered both the demographics and economics of Maryland.
Baltimore Sun (Baltimore, Maryland; 1837-1922)
One of the America’s best newspapers during this sweeping nine-decade run, theSun ably covered not only Baltimore but the nation. Its reportage during the Civil War is particularly interesting, as its editors had to muffle the paper’s traditional sympathy for the South, with which the city had long-standing economic ties.
Boston News-Letter (Boston, Massachusetts; 1704-1776)
Established in 1704, the News-Letter was the first regularly published newspaper in the British Colonies of North America. Noted for its pro-British sympathies, theNews-Letter went through a succession of printers, including Margaret Draper, one the few women printers of the 18th century. It is one of the most important and heavily researched newspapers of the Colonial period.
The Springfield Republican (Springfield, Massachusetts; 1844-1946) and The Springfield Union (Springfield, Massachusetts; 1947-1988)
The Springfield Republican is one of the most distinguished and longest-lived newspapers in New England. In the 19th century, The Springfield Republicanwas known for supporting local literary endeavors. The paper grew to include news from every town in the Connecticut River Valley, as well as extensive coverage of Western Massachusetts. The Springfield Union was the region’s most influential daily during this mid-twentieth century run.
Ann Arbor News (Ann Arbor, Michigan; 1909-1922)
This run of the Ann Arbor News chronicles the history of the Southeast Michigan/Detroit area during its rise to become the capital of American automobile manufacturing and design.
Bay City Times (Bay City, Michigan; 1890-1900)
The Bay City Times chronicles the history of this Northern Michigan port city during the timber boom that transformed the economy of the region.
Flint Journal (Flint, Michigan; 1898-1922)
This run of the Flint Journal covers the city during the period when Flint became a major player in the nascent auto industry. The first Buick was built there in 1904, and many other brands followed, including several now defunct automobile marquees such as the Dort, Little, Flint, and Mason brands.
Grand Rapids Press (Grand Rapids, Michigan; 1893-1922)
The Grand Rapids Press chronicles the history of “Furniture City,” as Grand Rapids was known during the later nineteenth century for the many furniture manufacturers who were based there. During this run of the paper, Grand Rapids was also a participant in the early automobile industry, serving as home to the Austin Automobile Company from 1901 until 1921.
Jackson Citizen Patriot (Jackson, Michigan; 1865-1922)
The Jackson Citizen Patriot offers researchers one of the best single sources on the early history of automobile manufacturing. Over twenty different cars were once made in Jackson, including: Reeves, Jaxon, Jackson, CarterCar, Orlo, Whiting, Butcher and Gage, Buick, Janney, Globe, Steel Swallow, C.V.I., Imperial, Ames-Dean, Cutting, Standard Electric, Duck, Briscoe, Argo, Hollier, Hackett, Marion-Handly, Gem, Earl, Wolverine, and Kaiser-Darrin.
The Kalamazoo Gazette (Kalamazoo, Michigan; 1837-1922)
One of the earliest newspapers in the region, the Kalamazoo Gazette covers the history of Southwest Michigan from the era of farming and logging to the birth of the automobile industry and the many industries across the state that supported it.
Muskegon Chronicle (Muskegon, Michigan; 1880-1922)
Published in the largest city on the eastern shore of Lake Michigan, the Muskegon Chronicle captures the history of the region as its economy shifted from timber to manufacturing.
Saginaw News (Saginaw, Michigan; 1886-1922)
The Saginaw News chronicles the history of this Eastern Michigan region as it was transformed by the decline of the timber industry and the rise of automobile manufacturing.
Duluth News-Tribune (Duluth, Minnesota; 1881-1922)
The Duluth News-Tribune chronicles the tumultuous history of the city that in 1900 had the largest port and one of the wealthiest populations in North America. In the early twentieth century the arrival of U.S. Steel and many heavy manufacturing companies brought an influx of immigrants. The political issues surrounding immigration and labor relations are ably captured by the News-Tribune, one of the most important newspapers in the state.
Biloxi Daily Herald (Biloxi, Mississippi; 1888-1922)
The Biloxi Daily Herald chronicles the history of the Gulf Coast city that by 1903 was known as “The Seafood Capital of the World.” The city’s shrimp and oyster canneries brought an influx of immigrants seeking asylum from the troubled Austro-Hungarian empire. As a result, this run of the Daily Herald will be of particular interest for ethnic historians.
Kansas City Star (Kansas City, Missouri; 1880-1922)
Founded in 1880 by the former construction magnate William Rockhill Nelson, theStar was from its beginning Kansas City’s “mentor and monitor,” playing a major role in everything from paving its streets to shaping its politics. It has remained, ever since, one of the best and most influential newspapers in the Midwest.
Anaconda Standard (Anaconda, Montana; 1898-1922)
Owned by famed copper tycoon Marcus Daily, the Standard was known as one of the best-edited papers in the country.
Omaha World-Herald (Omaha, Nebraska; 1889-1983)
William Jennings Bryan used his editorship of the nationally read World-Herald to advocate his support of popular democracy, defend his criticisms of banks and railroads, and further his own political agenda.
Omaha Herald (Omaha, Nebraska; 1878-1889)
The Omaha Herald was founded by George L. Miller, a former president of the Nebraska Territorial Legislature and the city’s first physician. Prior to its absorption by the Omaha World in 1889—creating the World-Herald—the Omaha Heraldwas considered one of the best newspapers in the region.
Farmer’s Cabinet (Amherst, New Hampshire; 1802-1879)
The Farmer’s Cabinet offers one of the longest continuous nineteenth century runs of a New Hampshire newspaper. An influential paper throughout New England, the Farmer’s Cabinet is noteworthy for remaining neutral when many newspapers of its time were openly influenced by political controversy.
Jersey Journal (Jersey City, New Jersey; 1867-1922)
Covered here from its founding in 1867, the Jersey Journal chronicles the history of the famous port city facing New York City across the Hudson River. Jersey City was long the Eastern Terminus of national railway lines, and often the first destination of immigrants arriving at Ellis Island, making the Jersey Journal an important source for ethnic history.
Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, New Jersey; 1883-1993)
The Trenton Evening Times has long been a major source of news and community information for the capital region of Trenton, New Jersey. This 100-year run offers historians continuous coverage of the economic and racial challenges facing city during the twentieth century.
Albuquerque Journal (Albuquerque, New Mexico; 1906-1922)
The Journal offers wide-ranging coverage of daily life and culture on the southwestern frontier, both before and after New Mexico achieved statehood in 1912.
New Mexican (Santa Fe, New Mexico; 1888-1900)
One of the oldest newspapers in the Southwest, the Santa Fe New Mexican was owned by both Democrats and Republicans during this pre-statehood period, making for interesting editorials on the issues surrounding Native Americans, prohibition, and statehood.
New York Herald (New York, New York; 1844-1898)
Included here during the decades in which it was widely considered America’s most powerful newspaper, the New York Herald pioneered the creation of war correspondents, foreign bureaus and special sections on style, sports, business and the arts.
New York Tribune (New York, New York; 1856-1899)
For much of the 19th and early 20th centuries, Horace Greeley’s newspaper was one of the most powerful and successful in America. Its reporters from the Union Army front lines during the Civil War produced some of the finest battle-field coverage of the war.
Watertown Daily Times (Watertown, New York; 1870-1971)
The Watertown Daily Times chronicles one hundred years of the history of Watertown, an early industrial city in Northern New York that ranked among the wealthiest in the area at the turn of the nineteenth century. One of the only newspapers in the region to maintain a Washington bureau, the Daily Timescovered the nation as well as the local area and nearby Fort Drum, home of the U.S. Army’s 10th Mountain Division.
Charlotte Observer (Charlotte, North Carolina; 1892-1922)
The Charlotte Observer offers valuable local perspectives on such events as the decline of the state’s gold-mining industry, the Wright brothers’ first flight, segregation issues and Governor Charles B. Aycock’s educational reforms.
Bismarck Tribune (Bismarck, North Dakota; 1885-1900)
This run of the Bismarck Tribune chronicles the early history of the city from 1885, two years before Bismarck became the state capital when North Dakota was admitted into the Union in 1889.
Grand Forks Herald (Grand Forks, North Dakota; 1879-1922)
The Grand Forks Herald is covered here from its founding in 1879 when Grand Forks was still part of the North Dakota Territory. This run chronicles the early history of the region, especially the contributions of the German and Scandinavian immigrants who moved into the region following statehood in 1889.
Cincinnati Commercial Tribune (Cincinnati, Ohio; 1869-1890)
Under the editorship of famed newspaperman Murat Halstead, the Cincinnati Commercial Tribune (also known under variant names, the Commercial and theCommercial Gazette) was widely considered the “greatest paper west of the Alleghenies.” This run of the paper captures it at the height of its power in the late nineteenth century.
The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio; 1845-1991)
The Plain Dealer is Ohio’s largest daily newspaper and has long been considered one of the best in America. This extensive run of the paper captures the sweeping changes in the region and the nation over almost a century and a half. Supplementing the coverage of the years 1854 to 1913 is the Cleveland Leader, an important local paper that merged with The Plain Dealer in 1917.
Tulsa World (Tulsa, Oklahoma; 1911-1922)
This run of the Tulsa World chronicles the history of the region during the oil boom that followed the Glenn Pool oil strike of 1905, when Tulsa became known as the “Oil Capital of the World.”
Oregonian (Portland, Oregon; 1861-1987)
The longest-running newspaper on the West Coast, the Oregonian has received numerous Pulitzer Prizes during its history and continues to be the major daily newspaper in Portland.
Patriot (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; 1866-1922)
The major paper in Pennsylvania’s state capital of Harrisburg, the Patriotchronicles the history of the city from 1866, when the Pennsylvania Steel Company was founded there. This run of the paper covers the rise of the region as a key industrial and political center to its decline in the 1920s.
North American (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 1839-1879)
Founded in 1839 and edited by Robert T. Conrad, the future mayor of Philadelphia, the North American prospered as one of the nation’s great conservative Whig newspapers. It was also known as a distinctly literary newspaper and ranked among the best in America during the nineteenth century.
Pennsylvania Gazette (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 1736-1775)
Published by Benjamin Franklin, this prominent 18th-century newspaper contains not only in-depth articles on every aspect of Colonial America but also the full text of many seminal government documents, including the U.S. Constitution, the Declaration of Independence and the Federalist Papers.
Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 1829-1922)
Rising to national prominence during the Civil War, the Inquirer supported the North, of course, but editor William Harding kept its coverage so neutral that it became a favorite news source in the South as well. Coverage here runs up to 1922, by which time the Inquirerhad long been one of the best and most influential big-city newspapers in the nation.
Wilkes-Barre Times (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania; 1877-1923)
The Wilkes-Barre Times chronicles the history of Northeast Pennsylvania in the aftermath the coal boom of the late nineteenth century, which resulted in an influx of immigrants and a burgeoning industrial economy.
Pawtucket Times (Pawtucket, Rhode Island; 1898-1921)
This run of the Pawtucket Times chronicles the history of the region during the period when it remained one of the key textile manufacturing centers in New England.
State (Columbia, South Carolina; 1891-1922)
Published in the state capital of Columbia, the State covered South Carolina during the early decades of the twentieth century when the region emerged as an important textile manufacturing center.
Aberdeen American News (Aberdeen, South Dakota) and ancestors
The American News and its ancestors, published in Aberdeen, South Dakota, cover the Dakota Midland region of South Dakota. This very long run—spanning more than 100 years—provides a continuous chronicle of a region of the Northern Plains that has remained rural and agrarian throughout the turbulent changes of the twentieth century.
Dallas Morning News (Dallas, Texas; 1886-1984)
One of the state’s premier newspapers from its inception, the Dallas Morning Newschronicles almost a century of dramatic change in Texas, sparked largely by the massive Spindletop oil strike of 1901.
Fort Worth Star-Telegram (Fort Worth, Texas; 1902-1922)
This run of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram chronicles the early decades of the twentieth century as Texas experienced dramatic growth as a result of the oil boom. By the 1920s, the Star-Telegram was distributed over one of the largest circulation areas of any newspaper in the South, serving not just Fort Worth but also West Texas, New Mexico, and western Oklahoma.
Richardson Echo (Richardson, Texas; 1920-1966)
Published in a suburb of Dallas, the Richardson Echo captures the dramatic evolution of Texas during the 20th century, from the oil boom to the technology boom, including the rise of Texas Instruments, which opened its offices just south of Richardson in 1956.
Salt Lake Telegram (Salt Lake City, Utah; 1902-1922)
The Salt Lake Telegram was published as an evening edition of the Salt Lake Tribune, one of the earliest and most influential newspapers in the state. This run of the Telegram chronicles the early development of Salt Lake City as the state’s capital and major cultural center.
St. Albans Messenger (St. Albans, Vermont; 1857-2000)
The St. Albans Messenger chronicles a century and a half of Vermont history. The site of the northernmost engagement of the Civil War, St. Albans was a thriving timber and railroad town in the nineteenth century, and has been a popular tourist destination through the twentieth. Known as the “Maple Syrup Capital of the World,” St. Albans offers historians a deep chronological portrait of a rare American community where traditional ways of life have remained intact for sixteen decades.
Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Virginia; 1808-1876)
The Gazette was the “paper of record” in Alexandria during this extensive run, which chronicles the history of the city and nearby Washington, D.C, from the time of the Early Republic to the Civil War and Reconstruction. The paper is particularly well known for its coverage of the Civil War, about which its then editor, Edgar Snowden, wrote: “As this crisis draws rapidly to a head, we can do little more than record [events] as they occur with the expectation that each day will bring something new and startling."
Bellingham Herald (Bellingham, Washington; 1903-1922)
An early and innovative newspaper in Pacific Northwest, in 1900 the Bellingham Herald purchased the first Linotype machine on the West Coast, accelerating its influential coverage of the Pacific Northwest’s timber and fishing industries during the early 20th century.
Morning Olympian (Olympia, Washington; 1891-1922)
Launched to lead the crusade to make Olympia the state capitol, the Morning Olympian earned a reputation as a fierce watchdog of Washington state government.
Seattle Daily Times (Seattle, Washington; 1900-1984)
The Seattle Times has long been the largest daily newspaper in Washington State and the largest Sunday newspaper in the Northwest. This run captures much of the twentieth century, when Seattle underwent dramatic demographic and cultural change. The newspaper is widely known for its in-depth reporting and its coverage of both Seattle and Washington State.
Critic-Record (Washington, DC; 1868-1890)
Under its varying titles—including Capital and Critic, Critic, Critic-Recorder, Daily Critic, Evening Capital, Evening Capital and Critic, Evening Critic, Washington Critic—this Washington, D.C, daily chronicles America’s capital during the Reconstruction period following the Civil War. It is also known for its reporting on early baseball in the Washington, D.C., area.
Wheeling Register (Wheeling, West Virginia; 1874-1897)
The Wheeling Register chronicles the history of West Virginia during the period when coal mining began to dramatically transform the economy and culture of the state. Wheeling was the state capital of West Virginia from 1875 to 1885.
Milwaukee Sentinel (Milwaukee, Wisconsin; 1837-1866)
A substantial daily during this period, the Milwaukee Sentinel provides national and international coverage as well as a glimpse into the northern fur trade. Unlike many papers in Wisconsin, it also managed to stay in business during the Civil War, and provides many reports on battles and casualties.