The “Unhallowed, Demoralizing and Blighting Influences” of Slavery
A General Introduction to the Natural History of Mammiferous Animals, with a Particular View of the Physical History of Man, and the More Closely Allied Genera of the Order Quadrumana, or Monkeys (1841)
By William Charles Linnaeus Martin
This voluminous work ranges over many topics and includes this brief foray into phrenology.
Slavery Ordained of God (1857)
By Frederick Augustus Ross
Frederick Ross was born in Virginia, educated in Pennsylvania, and employed as a Presbyterian pastor in Tennessee. Although Ross emancipated his slaves when he entered the ministry, he maintained “that slavery is part of the government ordained in certain conditions of fallen mankind.” Ross argued the purpose of his book was “to maintain harmony among Christians, and to secure the integrity of the union of this great people.” He continued:
The Case of Dred Scott in the United States Supreme Court the Full Opinions of Chief Justice Taney and Justice Curtis, and Abstracts of the Opinions of the Other Judges with an Analysis of the Points Ruled, and Some Concluding Observations (1860)
By United States Supreme Court
Under Dred Scott v. Sandford the U.S. Supreme Court held African Americans were not American citizens and had no standing to sue in federal court. The court also held that the federal government had no authority to regulate slavery in the territories. Attached to these opinions is a report of the Joint Committee of the Senate and Assembly of New York appointed to “protect the constitutional rights of her citizens against the serious and alarming doctrines of the Supreme Court.” The committee was deeply critical of the court’s findings, reporting:
A Reply to “A Fool's Errand, by One of the Fools” (1880)
By William Lawrence Royall
Albion Winegar Tourgée, author of A Fool's Errand, by One of the Fools, was a Union soldier, prisoner of war, writer, politician, diplomat, and lawyer. He argued for Homer Plessy in Plessy v. Ferguson and has been credited with introducing the phrase “color-blind justice.” In A Fool’s Errand, Tourgée illustrated the numerous problems facing the South during Reconstruction.
William Lawrence Royall, author of this reply to Tourgée's work, was also a lawyer and soldier, in his case, of the Confederate Army. Royall worked as a journalist after the Civil War and “founded a daily newspaper…in a vain endeavor, along with the rest of the ‘rebel element’ there, to save my native State from the infamous brand of repudiation, which the Republicans and the scalawag native white population were seeking to put upon her.”
Royall prefaced his critique of A Fool’s Errand, in part, as follows:
I look upon the book to which I have attempted a reply as a willful, deliberate and malicious libel upon a noble and generous people, amongst whom I was born and raised, and in full sympathy with whom I hope to live and die. I look upon its author as one of the most contemptible fellows of those who have libeled that people, and not at all less contemptible because highly endowed with intellect; but rather more so, because, with all the disposition towards groveling malice which a weaker man could have, he has yet far greater powers to injure, and he has deliberately used those powers to their full extent.
I have made no mealy-mouthed defence of the people of the South. It is not on bended knee and with cringing accent that, self-appointed advocate though I be, I have brought their cause before the world. I have attempted to speak for a race of whom the males are men, as I believe those men would have their race spoken for.
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