Illustrated Journalism: The Innovative Use of Maps by Northern Newspapers to Report Civil War Events
First map of Battle of Gettysburg, showing first day’s fighting. (Phil. Inquirer; July 4, 1863)
Most detailed map of second day’s fighting (New York Herald; July 6, 1863
The New York and Philadelphia presses published by far the greatest number of maps, the majority of which represented the eastern theater of war. Two main factors accounted for the geographical distribution of newspaper map coverage. First, the effort to capture Richmond and the need to protect Washington made Virginia the major theater of war and focused the attention of the Northern press there. Second, readers of daily newspapers such as the New York Herald and Philadelphia Inquirer were especially interested in their local and state troops originating in the East.