“The Caucasian will not tolerate the Mongolian”: The Racism of Chinese Exclusion in the United States, 1848-1911
The history of Chinese immigration to the United States, from the Gold Rush to World War II, is uniquely the one instance in which American law has specifically barred an entire national or ethnic people from entering the country under most circumstances and from any possibility of citizenship. Although such draconian measures did not become federal law until 1882 when the Chinese Exclusion Act was signed by President Chester A. Arthur, the seeds were spread for over 30 years, particularly...
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